Cold as Charity: philanthropy and the notion of the “undeserving poor”

Classical Roots

Diogenes, the “beggar philosopher” and the barrel he lived in

Medieval Charity

Works of mercy: just as water extinguishes fire, so works of mercy (with penitence) extinguish sin. Engraving attributed to T. Galle, 1601.
St Thomas Aquinas

The Reformation & the Poor Laws

Henry VIII’s soldiers taking monastic goods during the dissolution of the monasteries
Thomas Becon

The Enlightenment, Industrialisation and Associational Philanthropy

David Hume
Mary Wollstonecraft

The Victorians: Indiscriminate Giving & Charity Organisation

The Charity Organization Society by Henry Tonks
A 1911 cartoon depicting “individual charity” vs “scientific charity”
Andrew Carnegie

The 20th Century: The Welfare State & its Discontents

Aneurin Bevan

What Now?

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Rhodri Davies is a unrepentant philanthro-nerd, who likes to look at giving from as many angles as possible.

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Philliteracy

Philliteracy

Rhodri Davies is a unrepentant philanthro-nerd, who likes to look at giving from as many angles as possible.

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